Many of our HLCS team are also language teachers who create materials to share with schools and parents.

Teachers’ Resources

Online Flashcards – link to flashcards

Grammar Problem Sets – link to page | download as pdf Updated 17-Sept-2021

Hul’q’umi’num’ 175 Little Words (download as pdf) The Hul’q’umi’num’ language has many beautiful little words that are used to make grammatical sentences and to add interesting meanings. Here is a list of 175 little words (clitics and particles and other function words), along with the interlinear gloss that we use when we analyze sentences.

Many of the children are learning Hul’q’umi’num’ at a young age, even before they learn to write. So we have designed books on numbers and math and writing letters and easy words in Hul’q’umi’num’ for our youngest learners. 

xul’ut s’aa’lh sqwal – writing book: coming soon

Numbers 1- 10: coming soon

Hul’q’umi’num’ Math Book 1: coming soon

We have been working diligently for several decades to document and analyze the language.

Dictionaries, LexiconsDictionaries

Dictionaries and other types of lexicons are an important source of information on a language. Thanks to the efforts of our native speakers with linguistics training and the linguists and other experts that work with them, we have many types of dictionaries available for use for language teachers and language learners.

Gerdts, Donna, Leonard Edwards, Charles Ulrich, and Brian Compton. Hul’q’umin’um’ Words: An English-to-Hul’q’umin’um’ and Hul’q’umin’um’-to-English Dictionary. Prepared for the Chemainus, Nanaimo, and Nanoose First Nations and Nanaimo School District No. 68, December 1997

Thomas E. Hukari, Editor, Ruby Peter, Associate Editor.
The Cowichan Dictionary of the Hul’qumin’um’ Dialect of the Coast Salish People. Cowichan Tribes.

Right-click (control-click on a Mac) the link and choose “Save Link As…” to save the document to your computer


Grammatical descriptions and teaching grammars are sometimes useful for understanding how a language works.

Research from Donna GerdtsTheresa_Donna2_cropped

Linguist Donna Gerdts has been working on Hul’q’umi’num’ since 1975. She has worked with over one hundred Elders documenting and doing analysis of the language.

To see some of her publications, visit:

Research from Thomas Hukari

Linguist Thomas Hukari has been working on Hul’q’umi’num’ since 1974. He has written papers on many aspects of the language including phonology, morphology, and syntax.

To see some of his publications, go to: (link coming soon)


Donna Gerdts and Brian Compton, 1999, with the help of Elders, linguists, and a web-design class from BCIT, constructed a site featuring information on some native plants with words and recordings from all Island dialect, Downriver dialect, and Upriver dialect.

Native Peoples, Plants & Animals: A Halkomelem Ethnobiological Web Site
Visit site: